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  • pc28从哪下载:Linux环境中VMware tools安装指南

    来源:本网整理

    彩票双色球历史开奖结果 www.s9h6.com 很多刚开始接触 linux的朋友,在忍不住好奇的时候,没少对 linux这个全新的系统有些望 而生畏。一些人坚持着,一些人倒下了,然而还有些聪明的(我认为为是幸运的)准精们, 选择在在 VM下学习 linux。当他们兴致勃勃甚至热血沸腾着装完 fedora或者 ubuntu后,有 部分又受挫了,安装 vmtools,估计没多少人没少头疼过。 那时候,我也是…… 前不久在论坛里注册了个 ID,没事瞎逛,发现不少哥们一直在问关于 vmtools安装的问题, 突然有些遗憾,就想帮帮这些朋友。毕竟鄙人也是一大老粗,写不出什么好东西,若此处有 误,还请大家多包含多指教! 废话不说,安装总结如下:

    一、大致过程:

    a) VM——install VMware Tools
    b) 系统会自动将VMtools 镜像插入光驱,并自动挂载。
    c) 找到安装文件,安装,配置,重启。

    二、使用 rpm安装

    a) 进入目录
    [[email protected] ~]$ cd /
    [[email protected] /]$ ls
    bin dev home lost+found misc net proc sbin srv tmp var
    boot etc lib media mnt opt root selinux sys usr
    [[email protected] /]$ cd media
    [[email protected] media]$ ls
    VMware Tools
    [[email protected] media]$ cd "VMware Tools" //进入光驱所在目录。这儿的引号一定要加,因为中间有空格。

    [[email protected] VMware Tools]$ ls //我们看到,这儿有三个文件。后面两个是两种不同格式的安装文件。*.rpm是Redhat使用的软件包管理器。*.deb是ubuntu等系统使用的软件包管理器。*.gz是压缩包,在所有系统下解压后运行文件即可。
    这个名字太长,懒得打了,就以*代替。

    manifest.txt VMwareTools-7.8.5-156735.tar.gz
    VMwareTools-7.8.5-156735.i386.rpm

    b) 执行安装命令
    i. Fedora 下:
    [[email protected] VMware Tools]$ rpm -i VMwareTools-7.8.5-156735.i386.rpm
    ii. Ubuntu 下:
    alien -i VMwareTools-7.8.5-15735.rpm(你得先安装alien)

    c) 安装成功
    [[email protected] VMware Tools]# rpm -i VMwareTools-7.8.5-156735.i386.rpm
    The installation of VMware Tools 7.8.5 for Linux completed successfully.
    You can decide to remove this software from your system at any time by
    invoking the following command: "rpm -e VMwareTools". //如果你要卸载,就运行这条命令

    Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to
    configure it for your running kernel by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". //提示你还需要配置。
    Enjoy,
    --the VMware team

    d) 配置
    [[email protected] VMware Tools]# cd /
    [[email protected] /]# /usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl //接下来一路按enter,直到结束
    Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
    Guest operating system daemon: [确定]
    Virtual Printing daemon: [确定]
    The bld-2.6.18-8.el5-i686smp-RHEL5 - vmmemctl module loads perfectly into the
    running kernel.
    The bld-2.6.18-8.el5-i686smp-RHEL5 - vmhgfs module loads perfectly into the
    running kernel.
    The bld-2.6.18-8.el5-i686smp-RHEL5 - vmxnet module loads perfectly into the
    running kernel.
    The bld-2.6.18-8.el5-i686smp-RHEL5 - vmblock module loads perfectly into the
    running kernel.
    [EXPERIMENTAL] The VMware FileSystem Sync Driver (vmsync) is a new feature
    that
    creates backups of virtual machines. Please refer to the VMware Knowledge Base
    for more details on this capability. Do you wish to enable this feature?
    [no]
    The bld-2.6.18-8.el5-i686smp-RHEL5 - vmci module loads perfectly into the
    running kernel.
    The bld-2.6.18-8.el5-i686smp-RHEL5 - vsock module loads perfectly into the
    running kernel.
    Detected X.org version 7.1.
    Please choose one of the following display sizes that X will start with (1 -
    29):
    [1] "320x200"
    [2] "320x240"
    [3] "400x300"
    [4] "512x384"
    [5] "640x400"
    [6] "640x480"
    [7] "720x480"
    [8] "800x480"
    [9] "854x480"
    [10] "720x576"
    [11] "800x600"
    [12] "1024x768"
    [13] "1280x720"
    [14] "1280x768"
    [15] "1152x864"
    [16] "1280x800"
    [17] "1366x768"
    [18] "1280x960"
    [19] "1440x900"
    [20] "1280x1024"
    [21] "1400x1050"
    [22] "1680x1050"
    [23] "1600x1200"
    [24] "1920x1080"
    [25] "1920x1200"
    [26] "1920x1440"
    [27] "2048x1536"
    [28] "2560x1600"
    [29] "2560x1920"
    Please enter a number between 1 and 29:
    [12]
    X Window System Version 7.1.1
    Release Date: 12 May 2006
    X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 7.1.1
    Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-42.ELsmp i686 Red Hat, Inc.
    Current Operating System: Linux localhost.localdomain 2.6.18-8.el5 #1 SMP Fri Jan 26
    14:15:21 EST 2007 i686
    Build Date: 09 January 2007
    Build ID: xorg-x11-server 1.1.1-48.13.el5
    Before reporting problems, check //wiki.x.org
    to make sure that you have the latest version.
    Module Loader present
    Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
    (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
    (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
    (++) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3755", Time: Tue Apr 7
    21:33:17 2009
    (++) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3755"
    (EE) AIGLX: Screen 0 is not DRI capable
    X is running fine with the new config file.
    FreeFontPath: FPE "unix/:7100" refcount is 2, should be 1; fixing.
    Checking acpi hot plug [确定]
    Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
    Switching to guest configuration: [确定]
    Guest filesystem driver: [确定]
    Mounting HGFS shares: [失败]
    Guest memory manager: [确定]
    Guest vmxnet fast network device: [确定]
    VM communication interface: [确定]
    VM communication interface socket family: [确定]
    Blocking file system: [确定]
    Guest operating system daemon: [确定]
    Virtual Printing daemon: [确定]
    The configuration of VMware Tools 7.8.5 build-156735 for Linux for this running
    kernel completed successfully.
    You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
    effect.
    You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command:
    "/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an X server session.
    To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and
    file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following:
    1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user
    2. Log out and log back into your desktop session; and,
    3. Restart your X session.
    To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands:
    /etc/init.d/network stop
    rmmod pcnet32
    rmmod vmxnet
    modprobe vmxnet
    /etc/init.d/network start
    If the virtual printer feature is enabled, you will need to restart the CUPS
    service to make use of this feature.
    Enjoy,
    --the VMware team
    e) 重启
    Reboot

    三、使用gz 安装

    以上是使用*.rpm 进行安装的,在ubuntu 下用上面的方法,你可能会遇到问题,因为你
    可能没有安装alien。
    a) 进入目录,如果刚刚没记住,请往上翻翻
    b) 将*.gz 复制到一个可写的目录下,解压。
    i. cp 到目标目录,tar xvzf *.gz
    ii. 或者直接右击*.gz,解压到一个目录
    c) 配置
    i. 进入目录vmware-tools-distrib:cd vmware-tools-distrib
    ii. ./vmware-install.pl //同上,一路按enter,直到结束
    d) 重启
    至此,已经安装结束了,至于vmtools 有哪些作用,大家到网上搜搜吧,很简单的,只要知道就行了。
    写这个花了不少时间,就是节省点大家的时间。

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